ALSA Default Sound Card

David Csercsics aarg at
Sat Dec 29 19:44:16 EST 2007

The best way to make alsa rearrange the cards is to edit /etc/modprobe.conf or similar and put lines like this in it.

options snd cards_limit=2
options snd-emu10k1 index=0
options snd-hda-intel index=1

Note that for Debian and possibly others you want to put those at the
end of /etc/modprobe.d/alsabase. In case those options aren't clear here
is what it does. The options snd... line tells the alsa core module that
you have 2 soundcards. The default is undefined I think since it has to
autoprobe. The other 2 lines with index= put the emu10k1 chip at 0 which
is the first soundcard and the hda-intel module gets assigned index 1
so it's the second card. This way udev can happily load your modules. Note
that although the first line with the cards_limit parameter is not
strictly required some distributions (Debian for example) will have a
line earlier in the modprobe configuration that makes it default to 1
card which means that you don't get any sound at all when you try to
have both enabled and it really screws things up. Hopefully this helps.

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