some networking questions, I'm slightly confused
gnowak1 at uic.edu
Wed Dec 5 22:56:49 EST 2001
Thanks for the info even though I knew 99% of that.
I will be in touch if I need more help.
Again, thanks for a very good explanation (it's certainly better then I could've done (grin)).
On Wed, Dec 05, 2001 at 08:19:57PM -0700, Darrell Shandrow wrote:
> Hi Greg,
> I have stayed out of this until now because I haven't really had any time
> to respond properly. My days are usually quite long lately. Anyhow, I am
> a sys admin for a regional ISP; perhaps, I can help you.
> A domain is registered through a registrar like Network Solutions or
> register.com. When the domain is registered, part of the required
> information includes the IP addresses for the primary and secondary name
> servers. This information is then added to what are known as the root
> servers, which tell the entire world which primary and secondary name
> servers know how to answer lookup questions about your domain. In other
> words, the root servers delegate authority to the specified primary and
> secondary name servers to answer questions concerning your domain
> name. You could run one or both of these name servers yourself or have
> someone else do DNS. It sounds like you are having someone else do primary
> and secondary DNS. As I'm sure you already know, DNS is the domain name
> system, which points domain names to IP addresses, and which allows us to
> do neat things like browse to www.foxnews.com and send mail to
> nu7i at azboss.net instead of having to know all kinds of awful IP addresses
> just to perform the simplest of functions on the Internet. So, DNS points
> a domain name to an IP address, but how does it work? DNS information
> about a domain name is handled by name servers in the form of zone
> files. Your domain exists as a zone file on the primary name server, and
> the secondary name server is usually set up as a slave to the primary. In
> other words, the secondary name server gets its information (the zone file)
> from the primary name server and holds onto it, just in case the primary
> name server is unavailable for some reason. The domain name system is
> really a very large, world wide distributed database. A domain name
> contains various types of information which is managed in the form of
> various types of records. The first type of record is SOA, which stands
> for start of authority. This just specifies your primary and secondary
> name servers. You see, if things were set up a certain way, your primary
> and secondary name servers could actually delegate authority for your
> domain to still other name servers, but this is not common
> practice. Another important record type is the A record. This is the
> address record, and your domain could have multiple A records, depending on
> how many subdomains you have set up. For example my domain name servers
> have an A record for shandrow.com which points to 220.127.116.11. There is
> also another A record for borg.shandrow.com, a subdomain, which also
> happens to point to the same IP address, though it could just as easily
> point to another IP address. Another somewhat related record type is a
> CNAME, which stands for canonical name. These records are used like
> aliases to point subdomains to other domains. For example, I did use a
> CNAME record to point www.shandrow.com to shandrow.com, which means it also
> has the IP address 18.104.22.168. Yet another important record type is
> the MX record. MX stands for mail exchanger. E-mail software uses these
> records when figuring out how to deliver e-mail on the Internet. These
> records, numbered by priority, tell mail delivery software where mail
> should go when destined for a particular domain. For example, my first MX
> record priority for shandrow.com (which is MX 10) points to
> borg.shandrow.com. That is ultimately pointing to the Sendmail server
> which runs on the IP address 22.214.171.124. But, again, this could have
> just as easily pointed to any Sendmail server which was configured to
> accept and deliver mail for the shandrow.com domain. Additional MX records
> can be defined so that, if the server specified in the first priority MX
> record is unavailable for some reason, mail delivery software will try a
> second, third, fourth and so on server until it can deliver the mail. I
> could, if configured properly, have a MX 20 pointing shandrow.com to yet
> another Sendmail server, which would be able to receive mail for
> shandrow.com in the absence of the primary mail server.
> Finally, there is reverse DNS. This does the reverse of the domain name
> system; it translates IP addresses back to domain names. You definitely
> want to have your DNS administrator set this up for your domain, because
> certain FTP sites, web sites and other types of services on the Internet
> use reverse DNS information for security purposes; they want to see that
> your forward DNS and reverse DNS point to the same place, or they may also
> want to verify that you have a domain which is or is not registered in a
> certain part of the world. In my example, performing a nslookup on the IP
> address 126.96.36.199 will tell you that it reverses to borg.shandrow.com,
> which is a valid subdomain pointing to that same IP address.
> Anyhow, this will either help you or confuse you. Please let me know if I
> can help you with specifics.
> At 06:38 PM 12/5/2001 -0600, you wrote:
> >Well, I'll actually be running a mail server for the building in which I live.
> >Instead of being regularly payed, my current connection will be free, and
> >I'll get a second free connection
> >They're running t1 over here through this HP networking gizmo that
> >plugs into the phone jack, and has an rj45 jack on it.
> >The reason I'm asking about the dns stuff is because
> >when I told the guy that I've looked at the mail admin docs, and am
> >seriously considering running the server,
> >his response to me was:
> >"so, I'll need to get you a domain with primary and secondary dns servers."
> >I said yes to this, but am carious about how his dns servers will know
> >where I exist
> >since he didn't ask for the name of my box.
> >I guess when he tells me he's got things set up,
> >my first question to him will be,
> >"what name do the dns servers know my machine by?"
> >He's macroslop licensed, but not meaning to brag,
> >I get the impression that I may know more then he does without a license.
> >In case some of you reading my post now are remembering a few of my other
> >posts, I decided
> >that getting my own domain name wasn't worth it.
> >He said that I could run a small web server here if I want. So, I don't
> >think he'd
> >have a problem with me running it as http://mybox.domain.
> >This whole thing started when I got my service, and he came here to get it
> >all setup.
> >Not only was he impressed that I was the only one in the building so far
> >running anything other then windblows, but that it was Linux.
> >After my configuring tcp/ip both in windows and in Linux while he just
> >watched me do it and gave me my ip address and all the other stuff,
> >I asked if I would get a mail account.
> >He said no, because there is no body to run one yet.
> >Then he tentatively asked if I would be willing to perhaps do it, I said
> >I'd read the mailadmin docs and think about it,
> >and you know the rest.
> >He's also looking to hire someone to run apachee.
> >But, I'm not touching that for now (grin).
> >Sorry for the long and personal post, but since Geoff asked,
> >I figured that some other people on this list may be wondering
> >why I'm asking theese questions, some of which may sound
> >dumb, but are for the most part so that I could make sure that what
> >I know is actually correct.
> >On Thu, Dec 06, 2001 at 09:29:48AM +1000, Geoff Shang wrote:
> > > On Tue, 4 Dec 2001, Gregory Nowak wrote:
> > >
> > > > 1. Say there is a primary and secondary dns servers on a domain
> > called mydomain.
> > > > Say also that there is a machine called mybox.
> > > > Also, I have ip addresses for primary and secondary dns servers on
> > mydomain.
> > > > Assumming all of the above, and assuming that I have permission to
> > officially be on mydomain which is a valid internet domain,
> > > > what do I do on mybox so that it would be resolvable
> > > > as mybox.mydomain on the net?
> > >
> > > Nothing. It's the primary and secondary DNS servers that control how your
> > > host is resolved, not your box. As long as mybox has the IP address that
> > > ns1.mydomain.com and ns2.mydomain.com think it has, you should be good to
> > > go.
> > >
> > > > 2. Say that I have to nics with 2 static ip address for the outside
> > world.
> > > > How do I set things up so that my box would use both
> > > > nics for outside access instead just either one nic or the other?
> > >
> > > As Chris said, what comes in where will depend on what address it is sent
> > > to. What goes out where depends on a few things. If you want to use one
> > > interface to access a particular host or network, you can set up a route
> > > accordingly. If you want to access everything with both, you might be able
> > > to put 2 default routes (i've seen it done but don't know if it works and
> > > if it's supposed to work). I saw you've been looking at bonding which
> > > might also work, but I don't know about it.
> > >
> > > Can I ask, why you have 2 NICs? Is it just to get 2 addresses or are you
> > > connected to 2 networks?
> > >
> > > Geoff.
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > _______________________________________________
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